Tatarstan State Council Social Policy Committee discusses youth — RealnoeVremya.com
The First Deputy Youth Minister of Tatarstan asked MPs to help reduce the social mortgage rate for young families
The exodus of young people from Tatarstan to major Russian cities is increasing to reach the oil-rich southeast of the republic. “Bugulma, Almetievsk, Leninogorsk. 60% of young people left the region last year,” Tatarstan’s First Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs Rinat Sadykov told a meeting of the parliamentary committee for social policy. Giving a speech to the State Council of Tatarstan with a report on the strategy of state youth policy until 2030, he almost made the public understand that young people do not go there for fun . 400,000 young people out of a million are officially employed, few families receive allowances when buying a house, while wages in the republic are low. MEPs propose to maintain migration by introducing a social pension. Read more in Realnoe Vremya’s report.
Three years after the division into youth and sport
Maintaining the migration of young people of working age from Tatarstan to other regions remains a priority task in the strategy of state youth policy until 2030, said the First Deputy Minister of Youth Affairs of Tatarstan Rinat Sadykov at the meeting of the Social Policy Committee of the State Council of Tatarstan.
The management of the Ministry of Youth reported on the strategy adopted three years ago to parliamentarians. In fact, the document became the basis for the activity of the new ministry created after the division of the Ministry of Sports of Tatarstan. Then Damir Fattakhov, who later became vice-president of the Federal Youth Agency, chaired the Ministry of Youth.
All those whose work is related in one way or another to the young people gathered at the meeting. Tatarstan Human Rights Ombudsman Saria Saburskaya, Deputy Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Protection of Tatarstan Natalia Butayeva were among them. Tatneft Deputy Director General of Social Policy Nail Mukhamadeyev joined by teleconference.
Perhaps the report was a rehearsal before the final meeting, which was supposed to take place on January 31, probably with the President of Tatarstan. The problem of youth exodus from the regions has already started to have a negative impact on the prospects for economic growth and economic diversification.
7 key tasks of Tatarstan’s youth strategy
In a speech to deputies, Rinat Sadykov voiced seven key tasks of the youth policy strategy. As his presentation read, it is about the creation of conditions for the multifaceted development of youth, the introduction of innovative educational technologies as well as the creation of a value system of healthy lifestyles.
However, these narratives are poorly connected to the real life and career building demands of young people. As the report says, today the strategy of state youth policy until 2030 includes seven sectoral sub-programs aimed primarily at youth recreation.
The Organization of children’s and youth vacations in 2019-2025 is still the most expensive that envisages a major overhaul of kindergartens. According to Rinat Sadykov, one billion rubles were allocated for these purposes last year.
The development of social and engineering infrastructure under the state program Youth Policy Development in the Republic of Tatarstan in 2019-2025 was the second most expensive sub-program. 750 million rubles have been donated to repair camp walkways over the past three years.
In addition, 363 million rubles have been allocated this year to create youth centers in municipalities. Other programs aim to develop the patriotic and voluntary movement. The transformation of mental aid centers — of which there are 15 — occupies a special place in the strategy. As noted by Sadykov, they need to change their ideology and become more friendly and open towards teenagers and at the same time preserve the privacy of dates.
No job, no home or why the young go away
Then he moved on to the main challenges facing young people. He identified three expected problems: employment, the housing problem, free time. According to him, about 400,000 people work today in large companies and services. However, salary expectations for university graduates do not match vacancies.
170,000 young people live in the countryside. As Sadykov later noted, if they were offered a good job with a salary of 35-40 thousand rubles, they would not rush to leave the homeland. Other young people work illegally.
The issue of housing has generated lively debate. Sadykov said that four subsidy mechanisms for buying a house for young people work in the republic. In fact, none of them have spread. First, a youth program where 17.5 million rubles in federal grants and 50 million rubles in Republican money continue to operate. Last year, 50 families managed to buy a house, they received from 600,000 to 2 million rubles in subsidies.
“We asked the National Housing Fund to lower the rate to 5% per year”
According to him, the social mortgage program for young people has not met expectations. In a year and a half, 738 families have managed to improve their living conditions, while 1,500 families have requested it. Sadykov said the terms of the program remain difficult to adhere to.
“We have offered to reduce the down payment from 10% to 5% and the interest rate from 7% to 5%,” he said, adding that he was continuing discussions with the National Housing Fund. “Young people fear loan addiction, don’t want to ruin their credit history, but their purchasing power does not increase.”
Then Deputy Director General of Social Policy of Tatneft Nail Mukhamadeyev offered to provide social rent unless they “have both feet on the ground”. In conclusion, MEPs affirmed that the problem of the employment of young people, in the first place of young specialists, remained topical. They also noted the insufficient effectiveness of the mechanisms for including young people in public life in the cities and neighborhoods of the republic, especially in the countryside, the cities. The migration of young people from the countryside continues. While the proportion of young people in difficult circumstances who encounter negative tendencies towards alcoholism, delinquency, on the other hand, is increasing.
At the end of the speech, the first deputy minister of youth of the republic told reporters that the problem of youth migration is inter-governmental, since the Ministry of Youth works together with the Ministry of Economy of Tatarstan. According to him, the points of growth are determined during the creation of the agglomerations where the workforce will be needed. “That’s why we can’t say they should stay here and go,” Sadykov added.